2 Year Old Melia Dubia in Tamil Nadu. It is the fastest growing plywood tree.
Melia dubia originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree to India, South East Asia and Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood.
Melia dubia is also called as a Maha neem or Forest neem. Which is fastest growing tree species, with in 6-7 years the plantation is ready to harvest.The wood is having good demand from ply wood industries. Melia Dubia is the fastest growing tree and the wood from this tree is used in Plywood Industry.
It is occasionally planted for ornament and makes a handsome avenue tree and a shade tree in plantations. It grows rapidly and is used for afforestation purposes.
It can be raised either by direct sowing or planting in nursery for raising seedlings or stumps. The wood is used for packing cases, cigar boxes, ceiling planks, building purposes, agricultural implements, pencils, match boxes, splints and Kattamarams.In Ceylon, it is employed for outriggers of boats.The fruit of the plant is bitter. It is considered anthelmintic.
It is known to yield useful timber. Melia dubia grows on a variety of soils; however, it grows well in deep, fertile and sandy loam soils. It can be propagated by seed, cuttings and by tissue culture.
The wood can be sold for match, paper, timber & veneer industry.
With the development of new cloned propagation of Melia dubia plantation (Malabar neem tree- a very fast growing tree, with high calorific value) which can be used as fire wood for power generation has opened new opportunities for small and medium bio-mass power generation projects.
Melia dubia has the unique feature of growing upto 40 feet within two years from planting and can be mechanically pruned and harvested. As the demand for Melia wood is quite high from the plywood industry, a 6-7 year old tree with a girth of 100 cm and a height of 15-20 ft sells for an average price of Rs 5000/tree.
The tree is used extensively by matchbox industry, paper, veneer industry, the market rate is little higher.